A comparison between the political ideologies of fascism and communism

Examples Ideally, there is no leader; the people govern directly. In the modern west, the average citizen is a type of liberal who rejects kings and embraces the liberal state from a center right or center left vantage point.

For decades, the two terms have been used to identify two opposing political, social and economic theories that have dramatically marked human history during the XX century.

According to one of its main exponents — Benito Mussolini — the fascist philosophy is based on three main pillars [2]: A Brief Introduction to Marxism.

Traditional and exaggerated gender roles. These terms are broad, but that is exactly why we are analyzing them. Hitler loved Germany; he was an imperialistic bloodthirsty tyrant as well. But there were also enormous differences between them.

Change by the government can be swift or slow, depending on a change in ideology or even a whim. In communism, the state is the custodian of everything and it is the state that owns everything. Their target audience did not have to be persuaded to despise the other parties or the democratic system, because it consisted of people who already despised mainstream politics.

The population is closely monitored and pacified by means of propaganda. This is not an aberration of doctrine; in fact, it is an important component of it.

The Italian Socialist Party opposed the war on the grounds of internationalismbut a number of Italian revolutionary syndicalists supported intervention against Germany and Austria-Hungary on the grounds that their reactionary regimes needed to be defeated to ensure the success of socialism.

In this model the left and right intersect at two points the top and bottom.

Communism and Fascism: The Reason They Are So Similar

At the same time, they both vigorously denied borrowing anything from each other. Under the title of socialism Hitler saw a classless society. Let us take a closer look. They are nationalists so they can only at best assimilate others who fit their mold.

Rather, they strictly tested potential members, in a manner similar to exclusive clubs, and often engaged in political purges of the membership, expelling large numbers of people from their ranks and sometimes arresting and executing those expelled, such as in the Great Purge or the Night of the Long Knives.

So keep all of that in mind. Sparta had no capitalist system and practiced eugenics. Stalin is the size of their respective mustaches. Political System A communist society is stateless, classless and is governed directly by the people. Anyone can choose to become a Communist if they submit to the ideology.

Often the leader is the symbol of the state. And both countries had expansionist foreign policies with a particular interest in Central and Eastern Europe. The general problem with this is that the extreme central planning and the focus on equality tends to lend itself to a despotic military state devoid of liberty where all are equally under the rule of a despot.

This ideology is greatly influenced by socialism as advocated by Karl Marx and became very popular during the 2nd half of the 20th century to rival capitalism and democracy. All national citizens are the same, and a central authority is best suited to lead them.

Change by the government can be swift or slow, depending on a change in ideology or even a whim. Stalin shows us why communism is dangerous; it can be pivoted into totalitarianism. Idealism, centralized government, social Darwinism and negative eugenicsplanned economy typically anti-capitalistanti-democratic, meritocratic, extremely nationalistic, militaristic, racist Nazism.

Private ownership of business is contingent upon submission to the direction and interests of the State. Stalin was a paranoid tyrant who cared nothing for philosophy.

Difference Between Communism and fascism

The Nazis aimed to eliminate their real or imagined political opponents, first in the Reich and later in the occupied territories during the war. For the fascists, no human values exist outside the state. However, there was a potential for division between the leader and the state bureaucracy, due to the way that Nazism came to power — as part of an alliance with traditional conservative elites, industrialists, and the army.

Fascism believes in nationalism includes economic nationalismcorporatism includes economic planningmilitarism and totalitarianism dictatorship and social interventionism. The government should own all means of production and land and also everything else. Although communism in theory differs significantly from fascism, in practice, the two ideologies are nearly identical.

The many similarities include the pervasiveness. Fascism stresses differences between countries whereas Communism seeks global unification. Fascism is built on immutable ideas of nation and race - the nation is strong when it is homogeneous and united; the racial purity of a country is conducive to unity and strength (these racial ideas were more prominent in Nazi Germany than in other fascist.

Communism vs Fascism.

Difference between socialism and fascism

Though some people may term communism and fascism as the two sides of the same coin, they are different in their ideology and other aspects. Communism is a socio economic system that stands for a class less, state less and an egalitarian society.

Fascism is an ideology that tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism. Although communism in theory differs significantly from fascism, in practice, the two ideologies are nearly identical. The many similarities include the pervasiveness of nationalism, statism, totalitarianism and militarism.

Both communist and fascist governments have employed propaganda, military. Start studying Communism vs. Fascism Venn Diagram. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Nazism and communism are two ideologies or political systems of governance that were once very prominent in the world. While Nazism is associated with Germany and Hitler, Communism is a thinking that is associated with Karl Marx and Russia.

A comparison between the political ideologies of fascism and communism
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Ideology - Communism, Capitalism, and Fascism compared by Sean Marushia on Prezi